Difference between revisions of "Features"

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(Answer to hardware support for rotation)
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== Screen Rotation ==
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= Open Source Drivers =
On Catalyst 8.9 and later ATI drivers now support RandR rotation. After configuring your ati card as usual enter the following command:
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NOTE: The features listed are based off of the development repository at the time of this writing (2011-01-17). This does not mean that every Linux distribution will have the same capabilities. More than likely, major distributions will have an older, better-tested version of the graphics stack as a default and offer bleeding-edge versions of the driver in a repository. For a concise chart of features supported by the open source radeon drivers, see: http://www.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeature
<pre>
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Here are the highlights:
aticonfig --set-pcs-str="DDX,EnableRandr12,TRUE"
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* Kernel Mode-Setting (KMS)
</pre>
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* 2D Acceleration (EXA)
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* DRI2
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* OpenGL 2.x and GLSL 1.2
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* Textured Video Acceleration (Xv)
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* Power Management
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* HDMI Audio (RadeonHD 4000-series requires booting with radeon.audio=1 and RadeonHD 5000-series requires kernel >= 3.3)
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* XRandR 1.3
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* AIGLX (desktop effects)
 +
The developers also have a frequently updated list of 3D applications which they use to mark their progress: http://www.x.org/wiki/RadeonProgram
  
Then restart X11Your xrandr should work.
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= AMD Catalyst/fglrx =
 +
AMD also offers a proprietary driver for RadeonHD chips based off of their Windows code (a legacy proprietary driver is offered for older cards, but it will not run on modern kernels/X servers)
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* OpenGL 3.3/4.1 and GLSL(dependent on the latest version your card supports)
 +
  * XvBA video decode acceleration (through VA-API and only for RadeonHD 4x00 cards and later): http://www.splitted-desktop.com/~gbeauchesne/
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* Direct2D acceleration
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* Catalyst Control Center
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* amdconfig CLI tool
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* OverDrive (power management, overclocking)
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* HDMI Audio
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* XRandR 1.3
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* AIGLX (desktop effects)
  
2010-10-27: xrandr works on my Mobility Radeon HD 5730 with Catalyst 10.9 driver without needing to run the command above.  I just tried <pre>xrandr --orientation left</pre> and the screen rotated onto its side.
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= Switchable Graphic Chips Status=
  
Note: Using this command on a Radeon Xpress 200M made Xorg unable to start with some weird error in the amdxmm module. Using this command with FALSE instead of TRUE helped afterward.
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Some laptops (and other systems) are now being sold with both an integrated, low power GPU, and a discrete, high performance GPU [http://www.amd.com/us/products/technologies/switchable-graphics/Pages/switchable-graphics.aspx AMD Switchable Graphics Technology]. There are two basic types of hybrid designs. Older hybrid systems use a multiplexor (MUX) to switch between GPU's. Newer systems (those with PowerXpress >= 4.0) are MUX-less. As far as I can tell, PowerXpress 4.0 started with RadeonHD 6000-series GPU's, and systems with older ATI GPU's have a MUX, but don't quote that.  
Note: I also had a problem with that option with a 4850, I couldn't get Xorg to start after setting that option.
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Q: Is rotation hardware accelerated? How does performance compare to non-rotated?
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== Switchable Graphic Chips Warning==
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{| WIDTH="650" cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 style="background-color: red; border: solid 1px #666666; color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"
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| style="background-color: #666666; border: solid 1px #666666; border-bottom: 1px solid #888;" | <font size="-1">'''WARNING'''</font>
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|-
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| <br />
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Carefully research before purchasing a laptop, or you may not be able to fully use the hardware you pay for.<br /><br />
 +
|}
  
R: On 10.12 (probably sooner), rotation is fully hardware accelerated. Either video buffering or 3d rendering show no slowdonws even across rotated and non-rotated screens.
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== MUXed Systems ==
  
== Open Source Drivers ==
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Open source drivers support switching from integrated to discrete graphics cards using [http://linux-hybrid-graphics.blogspot.com/2010/02/howto-install-vgaswitcheroo-for-linux.html vga_switcheroo] on MUXed systems. However, the performance of the chips with the switchable open source drivers may not be optimized. For example, with the open source driver on the HP DV7-4045ea you can switch between the 4200 and 5650; the 4200 works okay, but although the 5650 does work, it does not perform well.
 +
Catalyst supposedly supports switching using the following commands, but reports of success are scarce:
 +
amdconfig --pxl      # List current activated GPU
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amdconfig --px-dgpu  # Activate discrete GPU (High-Performance mode), must re-start X to take effect
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amdconfig --px-igpu  # Activate integrated GPU (Power-Saving mode), must re-start X to take effect
  
ATI Radeon cards 8500,9000,9200 and 9250 working with [[open source drivers]] provide OpenGL 3D graphics acceleration.
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== MUX-less Systems ==
  
== Proprietary Drivers ==
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On MUX-less systems, the discrete card is used solely for rendering, not display. At the moment, the X server does not support rendering and display from different cards so the discrete card can not be used with MUX-less systems at the moment. Most new laptops (2011+) are MUX-less.
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There is a bug raised against the inability to switch between integrated and discrete graphics cards [http://ati.cchtml.com/show_bug.cgi?id=16 Official AMD Bug]
  
Proprietary drivers can be used instead, if so desired, although it is not necessary to use these for the cards listed above.
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= Video Decode Acceleration Status =
  
==2D==
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== VA-API/XvBA Wrapper (RadeonHD >= 4000 using Catalyst)==
===X server===
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*XFree86 and X.org support
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====Xaa====
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*X Acceleration Architecture
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====Xv====
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* One Hardware or OpenGL overlay
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===TV Out===
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Video acceleration can be achieved through drivers supplied at [http://www.splitted-desktop.com/~gbeauchesne/ gbeauchesne] Modern distros should have this installable from their repo (Debian/Ubuntu does).
*NTSC and PAL support
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Note that this wrapper is no longer maintained/developed and should be considered a dead-end.
  
==TV In==
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== Using XvBA in XBMC (with Catalyst >= 11-11) ==
*No support for the built in tuner in "All-in-Wonder" cards.
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==3D==
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The XBMC project has implemented acceleration in their media player using AMD's libxvba library. This is a fairly new/experimental feature at the time of this writing, but XBMC claims positive feedback. [http://forum.xbmc.org/showthread.php?t=116996 Install Instructions]
===OpenGL===
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*Provides some OpenGL 2.0 commands
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BUT NOT
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the OpenGL 2.0 version of the shading language.
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The ATI driver uses a version of the shading language called
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== Gallium3D VDPAU (open-source driver) ==
the ARB extension.  The ARB extension was used before
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OpenGL 2.0 was finished.
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[[Category:NeedsUpdating]]
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The open-source 3D mesa driver now implements acceleration through a VDPAU/VA-API wrapper that uses the 3D engine. This is a fairly new/experimental feature at the time of this writing, so it may require rebuilding mesa. AMD is interested in using the UVD hardware directly, but this is currently held up for legal reasons.
 +
 
 +
= EyeFinity =
 +
Catalyst supports more than two simultaneous outputs on RadeonHD5xxx cards having more than two physical independent out. Default settings starts every monitors in a cloned stage, but you can switch to a multiple display desktop via the Catalyst Control Center. Be aware that the AMD Catalyst Control Center does not let you fix arbitrary position settings : it only lets you approximately place your monitors on a virtual desktop. It's often best to adjust screen alignment using the "Position +x +y" option in xorg.conf.'''
 +
 
 +
Open source drivers also support Eyefinity.

Revision as of 21:04, 12 February 2013

Open Source Drivers

NOTE: The features listed are based off of the development repository at the time of this writing (2011-01-17). This does not mean that every Linux distribution will have the same capabilities. More than likely, major distributions will have an older, better-tested version of the graphics stack as a default and offer bleeding-edge versions of the driver in a repository. For a concise chart of features supported by the open source radeon drivers, see: http://www.x.org/wiki/RadeonFeature Here are the highlights:

* Kernel Mode-Setting (KMS)
* 2D Acceleration (EXA)
* DRI2
* OpenGL 2.x and GLSL 1.2
* Textured Video Acceleration (Xv)
* Power Management
* HDMI Audio (RadeonHD 4000-series requires booting with radeon.audio=1 and RadeonHD 5000-series requires kernel >= 3.3)
* XRandR 1.3
* AIGLX (desktop effects)

The developers also have a frequently updated list of 3D applications which they use to mark their progress: http://www.x.org/wiki/RadeonProgram

AMD Catalyst/fglrx

AMD also offers a proprietary driver for RadeonHD chips based off of their Windows code (a legacy proprietary driver is offered for older cards, but it will not run on modern kernels/X servers)

* OpenGL 3.3/4.1 and GLSL(dependent on the latest version your card supports)
* XvBA video decode acceleration (through VA-API and only for RadeonHD 4x00 cards and later): http://www.splitted-desktop.com/~gbeauchesne/
* Direct2D acceleration
* Catalyst Control Center
* amdconfig CLI tool
* OverDrive (power management, overclocking)
* HDMI Audio
* XRandR 1.3
* AIGLX (desktop effects)

Switchable Graphic Chips Status

Some laptops (and other systems) are now being sold with both an integrated, low power GPU, and a discrete, high performance GPU AMD Switchable Graphics Technology. There are two basic types of hybrid designs. Older hybrid systems use a multiplexor (MUX) to switch between GPU's. Newer systems (those with PowerXpress >= 4.0) are MUX-less. As far as I can tell, PowerXpress 4.0 started with RadeonHD 6000-series GPU's, and systems with older ATI GPU's have a MUX, but don't quote that.

Switchable Graphic Chips Warning

WARNING

Carefully research before purchasing a laptop, or you may not be able to fully use the hardware you pay for.

MUXed Systems

Open source drivers support switching from integrated to discrete graphics cards using vga_switcheroo on MUXed systems. However, the performance of the chips with the switchable open source drivers may not be optimized. For example, with the open source driver on the HP DV7-4045ea you can switch between the 4200 and 5650; the 4200 works okay, but although the 5650 does work, it does not perform well. Catalyst supposedly supports switching using the following commands, but reports of success are scarce:

amdconfig --pxl       # List current activated GPU
amdconfig --px-dgpu   # Activate discrete GPU (High-Performance mode), must re-start X to take effect
amdconfig --px-igpu   # Activate integrated GPU (Power-Saving mode), must re-start X to take effect

MUX-less Systems

On MUX-less systems, the discrete card is used solely for rendering, not display. At the moment, the X server does not support rendering and display from different cards so the discrete card can not be used with MUX-less systems at the moment. Most new laptops (2011+) are MUX-less. There is a bug raised against the inability to switch between integrated and discrete graphics cards Official AMD Bug

Video Decode Acceleration Status

VA-API/XvBA Wrapper (RadeonHD >= 4000 using Catalyst)

Video acceleration can be achieved through drivers supplied at gbeauchesne Modern distros should have this installable from their repo (Debian/Ubuntu does). Note that this wrapper is no longer maintained/developed and should be considered a dead-end.

Using XvBA in XBMC (with Catalyst >= 11-11)

The XBMC project has implemented acceleration in their media player using AMD's libxvba library. This is a fairly new/experimental feature at the time of this writing, but XBMC claims positive feedback. Install Instructions

Gallium3D VDPAU (open-source driver)

The open-source 3D mesa driver now implements acceleration through a VDPAU/VA-API wrapper that uses the 3D engine. This is a fairly new/experimental feature at the time of this writing, so it may require rebuilding mesa. AMD is interested in using the UVD hardware directly, but this is currently held up for legal reasons.

EyeFinity

Catalyst supports more than two simultaneous outputs on RadeonHD5xxx cards having more than two physical independent out. Default settings starts every monitors in a cloned stage, but you can switch to a multiple display desktop via the Catalyst Control Center. Be aware that the AMD Catalyst Control Center does not let you fix arbitrary position settings : it only lets you approximately place your monitors on a virtual desktop. It's often best to adjust screen alignment using the "Position +x +y" option in xorg.conf.

Open source drivers also support Eyefinity.