Fedora 16 Installation Guide
- 1 Installing the Official AMD driver
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Requirements
- 1.3 Pre-built packages from RPMFusion
- 1.4 Official AMD Driver Package from Amd.com
- 2 Troubleshooting
Installing the Official AMD driver
There are two methods to get the Official AMD driver installed on Fedora. The first is by running the amd-driver-installer package supplied by amd.com. This method is covered in the section "Official AMD Driver Package from Amd.com". The second is to use the rpm packages supplied by the rpm fusion repos. This method is covered in the section "Pre-built packages from RPMFusion".
The sections titled Amd-driver-installer Compilation Problems on x86_64 Fedora 16 and Amd-driver-installer Compilation Problems on i686 Fedora 16 are subject to being resolved by Catalyst updates and therefore may not be relevant to installations after Catalyst version 12.4.
The Amd-driver-installer from Amd.com will work best in most cases if there is no xorg.conf file present before you begin the installation process. Move any existing xorg.conf files out of the /etc/X11 directory before installation.
You will need at least version 11.11 (or greater) of the ATI driver for Fedora 16, earlier versions will not work with the version of Xorg that F16 ships with.
For Catalyst 12.5 or above, a Radeon HD5000 series (or greater) is required. Radeon HD 2000/3000/4000 series GPU's will not be recognized by 12.5 Catalyst and above.
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Multiple Monitor Setups
If you have an existing multiple monitor setup, move your existing xorg.conf to a safe place. Let amd-driver-installer generate a fresh working xorg.conf file for you based on what it probes from EDID monitor info. If you are having difficulties after generating a new xorg.conf, use your old xorg.conf as a reference and transfer sections of that file as needed to the new one.
Here are some resources for those having difficulty getting their multiple monitors running:
- aticonfig --help
- One of the Ubuntu guides on this Wiki.
- AMD's own Catalyst documentation
If you need to start with a clean slate and all your monitors are connected, you can force a fresh xorg.conf to be generated taking into account the monitors present:
su - aticonfig --initial -f
Pre-built packages from RPMFusion
Note: This section does not apply to users using the Official amd-driver-installer package downloaded from amd.com
This is easier than manually building the driver from AMD as you don't need to worry about passing kernel options via GRUB2, configuring DKMS, rebuilding the kernel module every time you do a kernel upgrade, or cleaning up any mess if you want to remove the driver.
Clean up previous Offical AMD driver installation
If you're coming from the Official AMD driver to RPMFusion's AMD driver, you'll need to reinstall the mesa-libGL package as the Official AMD driver installation changes files it contains.
su - yum reinstall mesa-libGL
Other issues before install driver
On Acer Aspire 722 (A0722) with Radeon HD 6290 (and i suppose on other machines with the same card) you must disable SELinux or the follow error will occured :
SELinux is preventing gnome-session-c from execmod access on the file /usr/lib/dri/fglrx_dri.so. For complete SELinux messages run sealert -l <SELinux alert id>
To disable SELinux open /etc/selinux/config file as root and set SELINUX to disabled (SELINUX=disabled).
After that driver will work as expected.
Note: Disabling SELinux is not a very good idea. It's better to just modify the policy, by running these two commands (as root):
semanage fcontext -a -t textrel_shlib_t '/usr/lib/dri/fglrx_dri.so' restorecon -v '/usr/lib/dri/fglrx_dri.so'
direct rendering : Yes ... OpenGL vendor string : Advanced Microd Devices Inc. OpenGL render string : AMD Radeon HD 6290 Graphics ...
anderson laud - Yes it can. This post was originally wreittn after release of Fedora Core 10. I used this install "mplayer" procedure for every Fedora release up to Fedora Core 14. In a few weeks, FC15 will be available so keep on eye this "mplayer" cookbook - it will surely be useful ... Cheers!
Install Catalyst driver packages
This procedure is the same for 32-bit and 64-bit, yum will automatically install the correct driver and libs for your architecture.
su - yum install akmod-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs
32-bit Libraries on 64-bit OS
If you want to play 32-bit games on a 64-bit Fedora installation, you will need to install the 32-bit libraries in addition to the above step.
su - yum install xorg-x11-drv-catalyst-libs.i686
Kernel module packages
Note that there are individual kmod-catalyst- packages in RPMFusion which supply kernel modules for specific Fedora kernel versions. If you use these and you upgrade the kernel without upgrading the kmod-catalyst- package, loading the proprietary driver will fail and you'll revert back to the Free radeon graphics driver. Sometimes there is a day or so between Fedora upgrading their kernel and RPMFusion building a new kmod-catalyst- package.
The akmod-catalyst package we installed above automatically builds a new kernel module at boot-time when the kernel is upgraded, so you'll never have to worry about this.
Official AMD Driver Package from Amd.com
Note: This section applies directly to users using the Official amd-driver-installer package downloaded from amd.com
Installation Prep for Amd-Driver-Installer
The script from AMD builds the kernel module and a set of modules for XOrg. The Official AMD installer requires some development packages to be installed:
su - yum install kernel-devel kernel-headers gcc gcc-c++
There can be only one copy of kernel-devel and it needs to match the running kernel. Same applies to kernel-headers. "Yum update" will always ensure that there's one latest copy of kernel-headers, but it does not do that for kernel-devel, so you need to look at that yourself. The running kernel should be the latest one available on the update repos. Check your current kernel version with:
Check all installed kernel packages with
su - rpm -qa | grep kernel
Remove any kernel-devel packages which do not match the latest installed kernel version. Example:
su - rpm -ev --nodeps kernel-devel-3.2.9-1.fc16.x86_64
Note we are careful to specify the exact package name that was given to us by the rpm command above.
Boot into the latest kernel before continuing. Building the module on a kernel which you don't have -devel packages for will fail. Building the module on one kernel then booting into another will result in the compiled module not working.
Most users that are installing the Official Amd-driver-installer are looking for maximum performance with direct rendering and OpenGL performance. Amd-driver-installer requires that Mesa libraries be in place before it's installed, as it replaces some of those libraries. Therefore if you are a Crossover or Wine user, the mesa lib set will need to be in place before you run the installer. The following is a working example pulled from a known-good Fedora 16 x86_64 platform running Crossover:
su - yum install mesa-dri-filesystem.i686 mesa-libGL.x86_64 mesa-dri-drivers.x86_64 mesa-libGL.i686 mesa-dri-filesystem.x86_64 mesa-libEGL.x86_64 mesa-dri-drivers.i686 mesa-libGLU.x86_64
Note that Crossover and Wine are 32 bit and therefore require i686 mesa libs in conjunction with the 64 bit versions.
From here, you should be ready to run the Official Amd-driver-installer.
Download the driver for your particular card from http://support.amd.com/
It will look similar to: amd-driver-installer-XX-X-XXX.XXX_XX.run.
Run the file as root in the sh shell.
su - chmod 700 amd-driver-installer-XX-X-XXX.XXX_XX.run sh ./amd-driver-installer-XX-X-XXX.XXX_XX.run
Select the default install, do not generate distribution packages.
Check the build install log:
You should see data confirming the module build worked:
build succeeded with return value 0 duplicating results into driver repository... done.
Uninstalling Official AMD driver
Run AMD's uninstall script:
su - sh /usr/share/ati/fglrx-uninstall.sh
The following steps are not strictly required because the amd-driver-installer is written to put all files back as they were before the install. One set of files that amd-driver-installer alters is the mesa library set. To be sure of a mint-condition installation (especially if you are upgrading to the next Official driver version) reinstall the following package:
su - yum reinstall mesa-libGL
For those running Wine or Crossover from Codeweavers.com, the following command will reinstall all the mesa libraries that (should) be on your system. This example is for users running Wine/Crossover on a 64 bit system:
su - yum reinstall mesa-dri-filesystem.i686 mesa-libGL.x86_64 mesa-dri-drivers.x86_64 mesa-libGL.i686 mesa-dri-filesystem.x86_64 mesa-libEGL.x86_64 mesa-dri-drivers.i686 mesa-libGLU.x86_64
At this point you should be prepped to start a new amd-driver-installer session to get the latest Fglrx version.
In the event you install the driver and are greeted with a blank screen or corrupted video signal when starting X, you are able to manually disable the Free Software radeon driver to troubleshoot.
There are two methods to disable radeon module. The first is a two-step process and the other approach is listed below.
1) Edit the /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf and add radeon to the list.
2) Run the following:
su - /sbin/new-kernel-pkg --package kernel --mkinitrd --dracut --depmod --install $(uname -r)
That's it. This will generate a new initramfs that does not have radeon built in. This method has the advantage of not affecting kernel mode setting as well as not needing any grub edits. On the next boot, the radeon module should be gone. You can now reboot to console and execute steps in section above titled "Official AMD Driver Package from Amd.com"
Turn your system off and on again. On the GRUB boot screen, press e to edit the default boot entry, scroll down to the kernel line (which begins linux), then press e again to edit the line.
Add the entries radeon.modeset=0 blacklist=radeon to the end. For example, if your kernel line is
linux /vmlinuz-3.2.9-1.fc16.x86_64 LANG=en_US.UTF-8
we'll want to edit it so it is
linux /vmlinuz-3.2.9-1.fc16.x86_64 LANG=en_US.UTF-8 radeon.modeset=0 rdblacklist=radeon blacklist=radeon
These entries do the following:
- radeon.modeset=0 disables "Kernel Mode Settting" for the Free Software driver (ie: the driver telling the kernel to setup the screen resolution, instead of XOrg doing it)
- rdblacklist=radeon blacklist=radeon stops the kernel from loading the Free Software radeon driver altogether
From here you can manually remove and reinstall the proprietary drivers, either with yum or with PackageKit's Add/Remove Software application, as desired.