Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu"

From cchtml.com
Jump to: navigation, search
(MvTNzxCNmCcYqkoqin)
m (Reverted edits by 213.163.227.122 (talk) to last revision by Mooninite)
(33 intermediate revisions by 19 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Ubuntu makes great operating sysetm and I enjoy it on my computers for second year. This recent release is great. I installed in on few computers and it completed installation very fast without any issues. It found all of hardware on all computers and installed all appropriate drivers. My relative was using it for first time in his life and it took him about 10 minutes to get comfortable then get online and check email. I guess the time when Linux installation was a struggle is over. Windows is more difficult to install these days. The computer under Ubuntu runs really fast. First thing you will notice that you don't need antivirus, because there's no viruses to fear, and you computer is free from all garbage adware. Nothing pops up, you can calm down and do what you got to do.  Few people aware of that it comes equipped with complete Office suite! The whole thing is there and it gets installed from the disk together with Ubuntu. I can open and work on all my Excel files, Word documents etc. I installed it on friend's computer and he was asking not to remove the Windows he had, so I made it dual boot (it also conveniently offered option during the installation!). In four days he asked me to redo it again and remove Windows entirely. Use to be Windows was safe from Linux because Linux was so difficult to use. Today, as Linux got some very cool and advanced interfaces like Gnome and KDE, it is as easy (if not easier) than Windows. For most people who use their computer in a same way as I do: web, email, pictures, music and writing, Linux is the simplest and the best. You just get use to its interface and explore some software that all comes with it.
+
== Tips and Tricks ==
 +
* To build your own .deb packages for Ubuntu you will need to install at least the following packages from the apt repositories:
 +
** build-essential
 +
** fakeroot
 +
** dh-make
 +
** debconf
 +
** execstack
 +
** dh-modaliases
 +
 
 +
* Moreover for latest releases, the following package simplifies module installation:
 +
** dkms
 +
 
 +
* If you want to use a newer version of the driver than the one which comes with your distribution and you have ''linux-restricted-modules'' installed, you have to disable the fglrx kernel module from ''linux-restricted-modules'' because it will invariably get in the way of your more recent drivers. Detailed information on how to achieve this can be found in the distribution-specific guides.
 +
 
 +
* You can configure the driver with the '''aticonfig''' tool, more information can be found at [[Configuring]].
 +
 
 +
=== Old Version gets installed during update ===
 +
When updating a manual install - that is removing the old install and installing the new version -
 +
the old version might get installed again. This was observed starting with 8.10. If this happens it might help to remove the old version then delete the debian package files of the old version and run "sudo apt-get clean" before installing the new version. See the Ubuntu version dependent install documentation for instructions how to perform these steps. As soon as a new Catalyst version (current is 12.10 - as of Nov. 09, 2012) is available, these instructions might get updated.
 +
 
 +
== Installation ==
 +
* [[Ubuntu Raring Installation Guide| Raring 13.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Quantal Installation Guide| Quantal 12.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Precise Installation Guide| Precise 12.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Oneiric Installation Guide| Oneiric 11.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Natty Installation Guide|Natty 11.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Maverick Installation Guide|Maverick 10.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Lucid Installation Guide|Lucid 10.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Karmic Installation Guide|Karmic 9.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Jaunty Installation Guide|Jaunty 9.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Intrepid Installation Guide|Intrepid 8.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Hardy Installation Guide|Hardy 8.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Gutsy Installation Guide|Gutsy 7.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Feisty Installation Guide|Feisty 7.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Edgy Installation Guide|Edgy 6.10]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Dapper Installation Guide|Dapper 6.04]]
 +
* [[Ubuntu Breezy Installation Guide|Breezy 5.10]]
 +
 
 +
== Unsupported adapter ==
 +
Specific notes for Radeon HD 6xxx cards with no official support yet (see [[Hardware#Not_Yet_Supported_or_Unoffically_Supported]]).
 +
 
 +
After installing the fglrx module, you might get the following message when trying to configure X through aticonfig:
 +
  aticonfig: No supported adapters detected
 +
 
 +
Also you might see that the fglrx module has not been used by Xorg (no line saying ‘‘LoadModule: "fglrx"’’ in /var/log/Xorg.0.log). Also on my system I had segmentation faults from the ati Catalyst Control Center (amdcccle).
 +
 
 +
At this stage, do not panic! This does not necessarily imply a problem with the module, indeed your card may be not officially supported. Numerous reports on forums show that users end up using the drivers successfully anyway, e.g. for an HD 6850 card (BARTS codename). To force Xorg to load the driver for fglrx anyway, just manually create a minimal xorg.conf file, as suggested on this wiki (follow the tutorials). The module should then load and everything else should (hopefully) work. (On my system even the Catalyst Control Center was working at that point.) Except you have the "Unsupported hardware" mark on a corner of the screen, but that is another problem... (Forum users report they have been able to get rid of this as well, although caution should be used as the hack scripts seem not to work with version 11.1 of the Catalyst drivers.)
 +
 
 +
== Related Resources ==
 +
* Ubuntuforums.org Video forum: [http://ubuntuforums.org/forumdisplay.php?f=138 Dapper]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{VCT}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Distributions]]

Revision as of 15:15, 29 January 2013

Tips and Tricks

  • To build your own .deb packages for Ubuntu you will need to install at least the following packages from the apt repositories:
    • build-essential
    • fakeroot
    • dh-make
    • debconf
    • execstack
    • dh-modaliases
  • Moreover for latest releases, the following package simplifies module installation:
    • dkms
  • If you want to use a newer version of the driver than the one which comes with your distribution and you have linux-restricted-modules installed, you have to disable the fglrx kernel module from linux-restricted-modules because it will invariably get in the way of your more recent drivers. Detailed information on how to achieve this can be found in the distribution-specific guides.
  • You can configure the driver with the aticonfig tool, more information can be found at Configuring.

Old Version gets installed during update

When updating a manual install - that is removing the old install and installing the new version - the old version might get installed again. This was observed starting with 8.10. If this happens it might help to remove the old version then delete the debian package files of the old version and run "sudo apt-get clean" before installing the new version. See the Ubuntu version dependent install documentation for instructions how to perform these steps. As soon as a new Catalyst version (current is 12.10 - as of Nov. 09, 2012) is available, these instructions might get updated.

Installation

Unsupported adapter

Specific notes for Radeon HD 6xxx cards with no official support yet (see Hardware#Not_Yet_Supported_or_Unoffically_Supported).

After installing the fglrx module, you might get the following message when trying to configure X through aticonfig:

 aticonfig: No supported adapters detected

Also you might see that the fglrx module has not been used by Xorg (no line saying ‘‘LoadModule: "fglrx"’’ in /var/log/Xorg.0.log). Also on my system I had segmentation faults from the ati Catalyst Control Center (amdcccle).

At this stage, do not panic! This does not necessarily imply a problem with the module, indeed your card may be not officially supported. Numerous reports on forums show that users end up using the drivers successfully anyway, e.g. for an HD 6850 card (BARTS codename). To force Xorg to load the driver for fglrx anyway, just manually create a minimal xorg.conf file, as suggested on this wiki (follow the tutorials). The module should then load and everything else should (hopefully) work. (On my system even the Catalyst Control Center was working at that point.) Except you have the "Unsupported hardware" mark on a corner of the screen, but that is another problem... (Forum users report they have been able to get rid of this as well, although caution should be used as the hack scripts seem not to work with version 11.1 of the Catalyst drivers.)

Related Resources

  • Ubuntuforums.org Video forum: Dapper



Distribution Neutral Steps

Verifying | Configuring | Troubleshooting