Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu Gutsy Installation Guide"
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=== Enable "restricted" Repository ===
=== Enable "restricted" Repository ===
Revision as of 07:19, 24 October 2007
The latest fglrx driver supports Radeon 9500 and the X-series cards up to HD2900. Workstation cards are not supported.
- 1 Pre-Installation Checks
- 2 Installation
- 3 Post-Installation Checks
- 4 Ubuntu-specific Issues
- 5 See Also
Enable "restricted" Repository
Make sure the restricted repository is enabled in /etc/apt/sources.list or this guide will not work!
System > Administration > Software Sources. Check "Proprietary Drivers for Devices (Restricted)" box.
Method 1: Install the Driver the Ubuntu Way
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install linux-restricted-modules-generic restricted-manager sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx sudo depmod -a
Note: The second line of the above may not be necessary. If apt says it cannot find the "linux-restricted-modules" package, try line 3. If that fails, check your sources.list (see top of page)
If the system complains about dependencies, use your preferred package manager to download python2.4 and, if necessary, its dependencies.
Method 2: Install the 8.42.3 Driver Manually
- Note: This is just an alternative installation method for the section above. It might help if you still get 'DRI missing' errors.
Download the ATI driver installer: ati-driver-installer-8.42.3-x86.x86_64.run (this installer is for 32bit and 64bit systems)
Change to the download directory. Make sure that you have the universe and multiverse repositories enabled in /etc/apt/sources.list before doing these steps.
There is a detailed manual with screenshots at Ubuntu Wiki.
By default, Ubuntu did not enable the Universe and Multiverse repositories, but now in Gutsy, both Universe and Multiverse are activated by default.
Install necessary tools:
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install module-assistant build-essential fakeroot dh-make debhelper \ debconf libstdc++5 linux-headers-generic
Create .deb packages:
sudo bash ati-driver-installer-8.42.3-x86.x86_64.run --buildpkg Ubuntu/gutsy
Blacklist old fglrx module from linux-restricted-modules:
- Note: You only need to do this if you've installed the driver from Method 1 above.
As Ubuntu Gutsy's linux-restricted-modules package includes the fglrx module from an old driver version (8.37.6), we have to blacklist this module to make sure the new kernel module which is needed by the new driver will be used instead.
Ubuntu/Gnome users type in:
gksu gedit /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules-common
Kubuntu/KDE users type in:
kdesu kate /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules-common
Add "fglrx" to the line "DISABLED_MODULES"
Install .deb packages:
sudo dpkg -i xorg-driver-fglrx_8.42.3-1*.deb \ fglrx-kernel-source_8.42.3-1*.deb \ fglrx-amdcccle_8.42.3-1*.deb
- Note: If you have a 64 bit install, the above dpkg command will likely complain that "Errors were encountered while processing: fglrx-amdcccle". This is because of a dependency of the amdccle package on 32 bit libraries. If you recieve this error, issue the following command after the above dpkg command, which will force the installation of all of the 32 bit dependencies, and then the amdccle pacakge:
sudo apt-get install -f
Remove any old fglrx debs from /usr/src/:
sudo rm /usr/src/fglrx-kernel*.deb
Fix broken dependencies
- Note: You only need to do this if you have installed previous versions of these drivers using this method before.
sudo apt-get -f install
Compile the kernel module:
sudo module-assistant prepare,update sudo module-assistant build,install fglrx -f sudo depmod -a
It's necessary, because sometimes this file is written by other packages, and so there's no 3D acceleration.
Create the following folder
sudo mkdir /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/volatile
Create a symbolic link
sudo ln -sf /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/misc/fglrx.ko /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/volatile/fglrx.ko
IMPORTANT: You have to recompile the kernel module after each kernel update!
Configure the Driver
- Note Method 2 Users: Before you carry out this step you must reboot your machine. Or else the fglrx driver will not be in use on xorg.conf and using the aticonfig options will cause a memory dump and not intialise the Driver properly.
- Note: An alternative to the aticonfig --initial command is to edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf and replace the string "ati" with "fglrx" in the "Device" section. This way you won't lose your old "Screen" and "Monitor" settings. Afterwards you can use aticonfig for setting overlay etc. Another alternative is aticonfig --initial --force if you encounter issues with the first command.
sudo aticonfig --initial
sudo aticonfig --overlay-type=Xv
- Note: Is there an alternative to the previous step?
Finish the Installation
Now save any open document and reboot your system:
sudo shutdown -r now
- Note: An alternative to rebooting is to restart the X Server by pressing your CTRL ALT BACKSPACE keys. You must remove any old kernel modules such as "drm" "radeon" or "fglrx" using the "rmmod" command. Example:
sudo rmmod fglrx
Run the following command to check its output to ensure the fglrx driver is installed properly:
$ fglrxinfo display: :0.0 screen: 0 OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc. OpenGL renderer string: ATI MOBILITY RADEON 9600/9700 Series OpenGL version string: 2.0.6650 (8.40.4)
OpenGL vendor string should read ATI and not Mesa.
If you see a message like 'Xlib: extension "XFree86-DRI" missing on display ":1.0"' then you may have to add the following to /etc/X11/xorg.conf (see ):
Section "Extensions" Option "Composite" "0" EndSection
If you still see a message like "Xlib: extension "XFree86-DRI" missing on display ":0.0"." you may simply need to enable the restricted drivers.
Ubuntu and Kubuntu use a Restricted-Driver manager to load/unload non-FOSS drivers. Even if they are installed and specified in the xorg.conf does not mean they'll load properly.
To start the restricted manager in both Ubuntu & Kbuntu:
If you check the box to enable the restricted driver and reboot, it should work.
Additional configure with aticonfig tool
You can configure the driver even further with the aticonfig tool, more information can be found at Configuring.
- use powerplay option to switch power state for battery friendly or performance mode
- use dual head or one big desktop mode
- turn second monitor on/off on the fly
Revert to Xorg driver
If (for any reason) the fglrx install fails, you can revert to the Xorg driver by executing
sudo dpkg-reconfigure xserver-xorg
and selecting the "ati" driver, or simply restoring the previous /etc/X11/xorg.conf file, if you made a backup.
You also need to remove the xorg-driver-fglrx or your manually installed drivers to get the 3D acceleration back, since it is provided by file /usr/lib/libGL.so.1.2 which belongs to libgl1-mesa package and which is moved to backup and replaced at the installation of xorg-driver-fglrx (or the manually built) package. In case the removal of the fglrx drivers fails to restore the file from libgl1-mesa, you have to reinstall the package by running:
sudo apt-get install --reinstall libgl1-mesa
If suspend is not working
If suspend stops working after fglrx installation, meaning display will not initialize after attempting to resume, then changing a few options has been reported to work for some hardware .
For ATI X700 and ATI X1100 on Acer Aspire 5051:
SAVE_VBE_STATE=false POST_VIDEO=true USE_DPMS=false
For ATI X1300 and the ATI X1400 on a Dell Inspiron 9400, also for ATI X1600 on Asus Z96J (using install method 2):
If you get /usr/X11R6/lib/modules/dri/fglrx_dri.so not found
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/ /usr/X11R6/lib/modules