Difference between revisions of "Ubuntu Hardy Installation Guide"
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Revision as of 02:48, 20 December 2011
For most users it won't be necessary to go into installation and configuration details of the driver. Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy) provides a notification saying that there are restricted drivers available. You just have to go there (Restricted Drivers Manager) and enable the "ATI accelerated graphics driver". Ubuntu will then install and configure the driver for you. If this does not provide the optimal solution you were looking for, please read ahead.
After installation, in GNOME or Kubuntu, turn off visual effects or you will notice a flicker in OpenGL.
- 1 Method 1: Install the driver the Ubuntu Way
- 2 Method 2: Manual Install Method
- 2.1 1. Install necessary build tools and libraries
- 2.2 2. Download the latest Catalyst package.
- 2.3 3. Create .deb packages.
- 2.4 4. Add driver to kernel module blacklist.
- 2.5 5. Install .debs.
- 2.6 Additional 64-bit instructions
- 2.7 Fix for an error:
- 2.8 Finishing the Install: Configuration
- 2.9 Removing Mesa drivers
- 3 Specific Issues
Method 1: Install the driver the Ubuntu Way
This will install the current driver in Ubuntu's repository. It is older than the one AMD has released, but will be supported by the Ubuntu people. Catalyst 8.3 is in the repositories.
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install linux-restricted-modules-generic restricted-manager
$ sudo apt-get install xorg-driver-fglrx
$ sudo depmod -a
The second line may not be necessary as you may already have restricted modules installed. Run it just in case. If the third line fails, you probably don't have the restricted repository enabled. See Pre-Installation.
After this, you may need to edit Xorg.conf:
$ sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
In the device section, if it is not already there add:
Then to make sure Xorg is set up correctly, you'll have to let aticonfig "initialize" it:
$ sudo aticonfig --initial -f
After this you should be able to restart your computer and have the driver working. To test type
into a terminal. If the vendor string is not ATI, but Mesa, check #Removing Mesa drivers
To enable hardware accelerated video on pre-R500 cards, edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf to include the following lines without [...]
Note that when Visual Effects (Compiz) are active, flickering and artifacts may occur in OpenGL applications and hardware accelerated video windows (particularly with R300 chipset). To prevent this, disable Visual Effects.
On newer cards the options below enables Visual Effects and video to be played without flicker. The Textured video option can be turned on, but this can cause flicker or diagonal artifacts when playing videos.
Method 2: Manual Install Method
Make sure universe and multiverse are enabled in your repository sources.
1. Install necessary build tools and libraries
$ sudo apt-get update
# If you are using the x86_64 architecture (64 bit, earlier known as amd64), install ia32-libs as well:
$ sudo apt-get install ia32-libs
2. Download the latest Catalyst package.
Download page: Catalyst 15.12. This package contains both the 32-bit and 64-bit driver.
Open a terminal window and switch to the directory you downloaded the installer to.For example:
or just use wget:
3. Create .deb packages.
$ chmod +x radeon-crimson-15.12-15.302-151217a-297685e.zip
$ sh radeon-crimson-15.12-15.302-151217a-297685e.zip --buildpkg Ubuntu/hardy
("hardy" is not a typo)
4. Add driver to kernel module blacklist.
NOTE: This step is no longer necessary with fglrx 8.10 or 8.12. Just jump to step 5 in that case.
The ATI driver must be added to the kernel module blacklist so that the new ATI driver will be used. If it is not blacklisted, the official Ubuntu repository version of the ATI driver will be loaded instead.
$ sudo gedit /etc/default/linux-restricted-modules-common
Add "fglrx" to the line "DISABLED_MODULES"
Please note that after the modification above, the "Restricted Driver Manager" will signal "ATI accelerated graphics driver" not enabled (unticked). This is perfectly correct. At the end of the installation procedure it will signal in Status: "in use" (green light), but NOT enabled. It simply means that the fglrx module contained in the linux-restricted-modules package is not enabled, but another fglrx module (15.12) is in use.
You may also need to edit the file(s) (if they exist):
$ sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-restricted
$ sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist-local
Put a # in front of the line "blacklist fglrx", if it is present. Otherwise, the kernel module will not load automatically, and you will not get 3D acceleration.
5. Install .debs.
For 32 Bits
$ sudo dpkg -i xorg-driver-fglrx_8.593-0ubuntu1_i386.deb fglrx-kernel-source_8.593-0ubuntu1_i386.deb fglrx-amdcccle_8.593-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
Using tab completion can make this command easier.
Starting Catalyst version 8.10, installing the following package ensures compatibility with restricted drivers' manager:
$ sudo dpkg -i fglrx-modaliases_8.593-0ubuntu1_i386.deb
64 bit systems should have the same behaviour.
sudo dpkg -i fglrx-modaliases_8.593-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb
For 64 Bits
$ sudo dpkg -i xorg-driver-fglrx_8.593-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb fglrx-kernel-source_8.593-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb fglrx-amdcccle_8.593-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb
Using tab completion can make this command easier.
Additional 64-bit instructions
If you have a 64 bit install, the above dpkg command may complain that "Errors were encountered while processing: fglrx-amdcccle". This is because of a dependency of the amdccle package on 32 bit libraries. If you receive this error, issue the following command after the above dpkg command, which will force the installation of all of the 32 bit dependencies, and then the amdccle package:
$ sudo apt-get install -f
Catalyst 15.12 on 64-bit systems requires the --force-overwrite command in the above dpkg command:
$ sudo dpkg -i --force-overwrite xorg-driver-fglrx_8.593*.deb fglrx-kernel-source_8.593-0*.deb fglrx-amdcccle_8.593-0*.deb
When installing the packages, if xorg-driver-fglrx_8.593 fails to install due to a diverted file conflict, you can fix the package with this procedure.
Fix for an error:
If you are having this error:
dpkg-shlibdeps: failure: couldn't find library libfglrx_gamma.so.1 needed by debian/xorg-driver-fglrx/usr/bin/fglrx_xgamma (its RPATH is '').
Fix it by doing the following:
$ sudo sh radeon-crimson-15.12-15.302-151217a-297685e.zip --extract driver
If you get this error from modprobe fglrx:
ERROR: firegl_stub_register failed
Fix it by doing:
$ sudo rmmod radeon
Finishing the Install: Configuration
If you've used fglrx previously, you will not need to do this. Run
sudo aticonfig --initial -f
Now you'll likely have to edit your xorg.conf (even if just to confirm the above command added the apropriate fglrx line):
sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
and add the following line to the Device section (if it does not already exist). Include the following lines without [...]:
Section "Device" [...] Driver "fglrx" [...] EndSection
Make the appropriate changes to "TexturedVideo" and "Overlay", etc., as described above in the "automatic section". Save and exit, then in a terminal. If it does not error you should be fine.
Some people find that changes to xorg.conf don't get used by the driver. To force the ati driver to adopt changes made to xorg.conf, type the following command:
sudo aticonfig --input=/etc/X11/xorg.conf --tls=1
Finally, reboot the computer and type
into the terminal. If the vendor string contains ATI, you have installed the driver successfully. Release 8.8 looks like:
display: :0.0 screen: 0 OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc. OpenGL renderer string: Radeon X1950 Series OpenGL version string: 2.1.7873 Release
Please note: Depending on the particular ATI card that you own, you may or may not automatically have all of the relevant driver features enabled. R500 and R600 cards (X1xxx, HD series, and newer) in particular will need TexturedVideo enabled in Xorg.conf (rather than the traditional VideoOverlay) in order to support Xv accelerated video playback.
Removing Mesa drivers
If fglrxinfo reports that Indirect rendering by Mesa is in place, even though you have installed ATI driver, check:
- Remove the package xserver-xgl.
sudo apt-get remove xserver-xgl
- Explanation: If you installed this previously in order to make compiz work, it will not allow direct rendering on your display. You can check out if this is what it causing the problem by running
DISPLAY=:0 glxinfo | grep render
- If it returns an ATI renderer, it means that xgl is being displayed indirectly on the display 1. (Taken from )
- Warning: This might make your compiz stop working as it is configured to use XGL. A solution might be to run the Envy script in order to configure compiz. Or, if Compiz stopped working due to "Composite" problem, check that the following is set in the /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Section "Extensions" Option "Composite" "Enable" EndSection
- Check for AGP and DRI errors in /var/log/Xorg.0.log like these are:
- (EE) fglrx(0): [agp] unable to acquire AGP, error -1023
- (EE) fglrx(0): cannot init AGP
- (EE) fglrx(0): atiddxDriScreenInit failed, GPS not been initialized.
- (WW) fglrx(0): * DRI initialization failed! *
- If you have Intel 8285P and E7205 chipsets and AGP not detected then you have to remove the i82875p_edac module and restart a some others:
rmmod i82875p_edac rmmod fglrx rmmod intel-agp rmmod agpgart modprobe agpgart modprobe intel-agp modprobe fglrx
- Blacklist the modules e7xxx_edac so it doesn't start up again when booting - add the following line at the beginning of /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist:
- This has been known to fix issues with -Mesa -AGP -DRI -Google earth and -suspend to RAM (s2ram).
- Explanation: http://openwetware.org/wiki/Computing/Linux/Ubuntu
- Check you are running the correct kernel.
- Explanation: If you're upgrading from Gutsy to Hardy in some instances the Grub bootloader does not get updated and the new kernel is not loaded.
- Run in a terminal:
$ uname -r
- If the output starts with 2.6.22 or below you are not using the current kernel and the Ati drivers will not load properly.
Segmentation Fault with glxinfo/fglrxinfo
If you experience such errors (and have glxinfo report "Direct rendering" as No despite following the whole procedure without any errors) you may want to have a look at the Specific Issues chapter of the Ubuntu Gutsy Installation Guide [] as this may be due to missing links or wrong permissions.
Hang at logout
If you experience hangs when logging out (of X) it is probably due to the /etc/ati/authatieventsd.sh script looking for X authorisation files in the wrong place when it starts up. You can kill the hanging authatieventsd.sh processes from a console tty to allow the shutdown of the X server. This can be fixed permanently with:
sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/xdm/authdir sudo ln -s /var/run/xauth /var/lib/xdm/authdir/authfiles
If that doesn't work then you can disable atieventsd with this command:
sudo /usr/sbin/update-rc.d -f atieventsd remove
Suspend hibernation works with the latest driver.
For ATI X1400, to get the laptop to wake up from suspend, I had to change the following in /etc/default/acpi-support:
SAVE_VBE_STATE=false POST_VIDEO=false ENABLE_LAPTOP_MODE=false
For Radeon 3200, to wake up from suspend, I had to add the following lines to /etc/X11/xorg.conf: (This settings is not good option, if you are using compiz-fusion or any other transparency-based thingie. Not working for HD 3850)
Section "Extensions" Option "Composite" "Disable" EndSection Section "ServerFlags" Option "AIGLX" "off" EndSection
Resume from suspend failed when using dual monitor configuration in xorg.conf. E.g. when using
aticonfig --initial=dual-head --screen-layout=right
Switching back to a single monitor configuration and restarting the xserver (though not beautiful) solves this.
Error! This module/version combo is already installed
Simply uninstall the previous version before installing the new one with
sudo dkms remove -m fglrx -v 8.522 --all